Chinese Tea Culture
Chinese tea culture has a long history. As early as 2000 years ago, ancient Chinese people began to grow and produce tea. Therefore, tea has long been the most important part of traditional Chinese culture and has greatly promoted Chinese economic development and the formation of culture. At present, tea has always been a central issue in Asian cultures, especially in China where it originated. Tea has a very close relationship with Chinese culture. It has a wide range of research fields and rich content. It not only embodies the spirit of Chinese civilization, but also reflects the traditional Chinese cultural thought. There is no doubt that this will greatly help people's understanding of traditional culture and art appreciation. Explore the wonderful atmosphere of traditional Chinese tea culture and learn about the art of drinking tea.
There is a saying in China: Firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea are all essential for life. It shows the importance of tea in daily life in China.
Ⅰ Tea Culture
Chinese tea culture refers to the development of Chinese Tea, Tea Making, Tea Brewing, Tea Drinking, History Of Tea, and The Development Of Tea Art. The concept of tea culture is known as Chayi or the art of drinking tea. It differs from the tea culture of European countries and other countries. For example, the tea-making and tea-drinking methods of Britain, the United States, South Korea, and Japan are very different. Tea is consumed at leisure or on formal occasions. It is not only a very popular and tasty drink, it is also considered to be a very healthy drink.
Ⅱ Tea Varieties
The main varieties of Chinese tea include: black tea, green tea, oolong tea, white tea, puer tea, and jasmine tea. See more about Chinese Tea Types.
1. Black tea: Lapsang Souchong Tea, Jinjunmei Tea ( Golden Eyebrow Tea), Keemun Black Tea
2. Green Tea: Xinyang Maojian, Huangshan Maofeng, Biluochun, West Lake Longjing, Liu An Gua Pian, Tai Ping Hou Kui, Anji Bai Cha
3. Oolong Tea: Wuyi Rock Tea, Da Hong Pao, Rougui Tea( Cinnamon ), Narcissus, Qi Lan Tea, Tie Guan Yin, Taiwan Oolong, Monkey Picked Tea
4. White Tea: White Peony, Silver Needle Tea, White Jasmine Tea, Shoumei White Tea
5. Pu Erh Tea: Pu Erh Tea Cake, Pu'er Tea Pearl, Pu Erh Tuocha, Yunnan Pu Erh, Raw Pu-Erh Tea, Aged Pu Erh Tea
6. Jasmine Tea: Jasmine Black Tea, Jasmine Green Tea, Jasmine Pearl Tea, Jasmine Silver Needle, Jasmine Yin Hao, Jasmine Silver Tip
Ⅲ The Formation And Development Of Tea Culture
China is the hometown of tea and the first country in the world to discover tea, use and cultivate tea trees. China is also the origin of tea culture. It can be said that many countries have been affected by Chinese tea culture. It is said that the origin of tea tree has been a history of tens of thousands of years so far, and tea has been discovered and used by humans for about four or five thousand years.
In the 19th century, the spread of tea in China was almost universal, and it could be said that China gave the name, knowledge and the cultivation and processing technology of tea, and traditional tea culture. Tea leaves of all countries in the world are directly or indirectly related to Chinese tea. In short, China is the hometown of tea. It has created a very healthy and delicious drink for people around the world. Today, tea is popular and is loved by more and more people. In the United Kingdom, tea is considered to have the effect of skin care, from the royal family to the folk, and then formed the fashion of breakfast tea and afternoon tea. In the eyes of the French,, tea is a symbol of “gentle, romantic, poetic”. In Japan, when People in the process of long-term tea drinking, they are gradually separated from the scope of life drinks and developed into an elegant culture-Japanese tea ceremony.
Excellent national culture is the common wealth of mankind. With the frequent development of international exchanges, Chinese tea culture has gradually begun to move toward the world, enabling more people in the world to enjoy Chinese famous tea and experience its culture. Now, tea has begun to be loved by many people and become an indispensable daily drink. In addition, the Chinese tea culture and the national cultures of various countries in the world exchange and fuse with each other to form a variety of national tea cultures, and promoting the development and prosperity of the world tea culture.
IV Drinking Tea Customs
There are several special conditions in which tea is prepared and consumed in Chinese tea drinking customs.
1. A Sign Of Respect
In Chinese traditional culture, younger generations show respect by offering tea to their elders. Sometimes inviting elders to go to restaurants for tea is also a traditional Chinese holiday activity. In the past, people with a lower social class served tea for the upper classes of society. Today, with Chinese economic development and social liberalization, parents may sometimes pour water on their children to express their concern, or the manager may pour tea to employees at restaurant to promote their relationship. However, on formal occasions, there are still younger generations who offer tea to their parents or elders to show respect.
2. Family Party
When the son or daughter is married or after leaving home to work, they may have less time to spend time with their parents. Therefore, it is a very important activity to have a family dinner or go to a restaurant for tea. Every Sunday, Chinese restaurants are crowded with families, especially during the holiday season. Therefore, this phenomenon reflects the role of tea in Chinese family values.
In Chinese tea culture, when people make mistakes, tea can be used as part of an official apology. For example, children who misbehave may offer tea to their parents or elders to express their apologies.
4. Give Thanks Or Celebrate The Wedding
In traditional Chinese weddings, the bride and groom kneel down in front of their parents, then tea for them which is a very pious way to express their sincerest gratitude. Sometimes the groom will serve the bride's parents and the bride serve the groom's. This process symbolizes the two families being together.
Ⅴ Finger Tapping
Gently tapping on the table is the best way for the Chinese to express gratitude to the owner or the person serving the tea. When the teacup is filled with tea, bend the index finger and middle finger and gently tap on the table to express gratitude to the owner or the person who served the tea for you. This custom is very common in tea culture in southern China.
It is said that this custom originated in the Qing Dynasty. When the Qianlong emperor paid a private visit, he once drank tea at a tea shop and poured a glass for his servant. For the servant, it was a huge honor for the emperor to pour him tea. Out of habit, he wanted to kneel down to thank the emperor, but he could not do so because it would expose the emperor's identity. Then it bends its fingers and gently knocks on the table to express thanks and respect. Later, people agreed to click on the table with their fingers to express their gratitude.
Ⅵ Brewing Chinese Tea
The different ways of brewing Chinese tea depends on the type of tea. For example, black tea tastes sweet, green tea tastes fresh and clean, and oolong tea tastes rich. Since green tea is more delicate than black tea and oolong tea, the water temperature should be around 80 degrees Celsius. The easiest way to brew tea is to add tea directly to the teapot or teacup and pour hot water. This method is very common in homes and restaurants. One way is to brew with a lid. This type of brewing tea is cumbersome, but the tea tastes very good.
Brewing Chinese Kung Fu tea
Main Article: Chinese Kung Fu Tea Set, Chinese Kung Fu Tea Culture
The main tea sets: Gaiwan or Teapots, Teacups, High Quality Loose Leaf Tea, etc.
Kung Fu Tea is also named Gongfu Tea or Gongfu Cha, it means brewing tea with skill, which is currently the most popular tea making method in China. It generally uses a small teapot or bowl as a container, with a capacity of approximately 100-150ml (4 or 5oz). It not only brew a perfect tea taste, but also has a good aesthetic and artistic value. According to different regions in China, the brewing method of Kung Fu tea is slightly different from the use of tea sets. Such as Guangdong Kung Fu tea, Fujian Oolong Gongfu Tea. Kung Fu tea is mainly suitable for Oolong tea, black tea, green tea, and white tea, but some people also use it to brew Pu'er tea.
VII. Influence On Chinese Tea Culture
Tea is closely related to the traditional Chinese tea culture. It also has a very significant impact on Chinese culture. The Chinese tea ceremony has also resulted from this. In China, tea is often associated with art, philosophy, and literature. It is also closely related to Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Since the Tang Dynasty, people have been drinking tea to improve self-cultivation.
1. Tea Set
In the traditional sense, tea and tea drinking are considered as the "cultural elite" and "academic" of the society. Drinking tea is also considered to be an expression of education, personal morality, status, and social principles. People's drinking habits and the popularity of tea promote the mass production of tea set, which greatly promoted the development of Chinese ceramic and the formation of its culture.
2. Tea Houses
In ancient times, many Chinese literati or scholars gathered in the teahouse to exchange knowledge and share ideas. It is said that in China, the teahouse is a place well-suited to discuss political culture and personal ideals. In addition, drinking tea is a very leisurely and comfortable thing. It also promotes people's consumption and brings them to happiness and promote civilization. The teahouse is not only a minor by-product of Chinese tea culture, it also provides valid evidence for China's tea history. Today, people can also see many historical teahouses in Beijing, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Shaoxing, Wuxi, Nanjing, and Shanghai. For example: Lao She Teahouse, where we can deeply feel the deep Chinese Tea culture and historical heritage. Teahouse atmosphere is still full of vigor and vitality.
3. Modern Tea Culture
In modern China, almost all families will have a simple tea set or kung fu tea set, which is a symbol of welcoming family, friends and tourists. When we go to a Chinese family, they will be very enthusiastic for us to have a cup of hot tea.
Tea is regarded as a necessity in daily life in China. Black tea, green tea, oolong tea, white tea, puer tea, yellow tea, jasmine tea and flower tea are common in China. Traditionally, Brewing tea with Gongfu Tea Set, Which can not only brew a cup of high-quality and delicious tea, but also has good viewing qualities.