How to Process Oolong Tea

How to Process Oolong Tea

If you want to know more about oolong tea, you may need to know the process of oolong tea and all tea, including black tea, green tea, oolong tea etc——start with fresh tea leaves. The difference between tea depends on many factors, such as tea tree species, growing environment, picking time, processing method and so on.
The processing method of oolong tea is as follows:

Withering
Fresh tea leaves just-picked are laid out to dry in the sunlight for a few hours, which can them wither and loss some water. The withered tea leaves becomes soft, making them flexible and not easy broken during the rolling process.

Cooling
The withered tea leaves under the sun need to cool down for some time and then undergoing other oolong tea processing. When tea cool, they start to flatten and wilt, and the shape begins to change, then go to the next processing——rolling.

Light Rolling
This is the process of oolong tea rolling, which helps to form the unique flavor and appearance of tea. When the withered tea leaves gently rolled up, they will be further bruise, which destroys the cell wall of the tea leaves and releases tea oil and enzymes. Rolling release of the chemical composition of tea further, which can change the taste of tea and help the oxidation of tea.

Oxidation
Oxidation is a chemical reaction that changes the flavor of tea, and it helps to form the final color and appearance of tea. The time of oxidation determines the type of tea. The oxidation degree of oolong tea varies from 8% to 80%, so the flavor and color of oolong tea is varies.

Baking
Once the tea is oxidized to the desired level, then Baking that can prevent the tea from continuing to oxidize and begin drying the tea. Baking is also one of the important factors which determining the final flavor of oolong tea.

Drying
Finally, it is very important to dry the oolong tea completely, which can reduce the moisture content in the tea and increase the tea storage time.Finally, it is very important to dry the oolong tea completely, which can reduce the moisture content in the tea and increase the tea storage time.